Alexandre Dumas, père
Alexandre Dumas, père in 1855. Born 24 July 1802 Villers-Cotterêts, Aisne, France
Died 5 December 1870 (aged 68) Puys (near Dieppe, Seine-Maritime), France
Occupation playwright and novelist
Nationality French Period 1829–1870
Literary movement Romanticism and Historical fiction
Notable work(s) The Count of Monte Cristo, The Three Musketeers
Influences Hector Berlioz
Influenced Stephen King, Steven Brust, Robert E. Howard, Narcís Oller, Juan Gómez-Jurado, Alexandru Hrisoverghi, Emilio Salgari, Jin Yong, Jules Verne, Henryk Sienkiewicz
Alexandre Dumas, père, born Dumas Davy de la Pailleterie (24 July 1802 – 5 December 1870) was a French writer, best known for his historical novels of high adventure which have made him one of the most widely read French authors in the world. Many of his novels, including The Count of Monte Cristo, The Three Musketeers, Twenty Years After, and The Vicomte de Bragelonne were originally serialized. He also wrote plays and magazine articles and was a prolific correspondent.
Dumas' paternal grandparents were Marquis Alexandre-Antoine Davy de la Pailleterie, a French nobleman and Général commissaire in the Artillery in the colony of Saint-Domingue — now Haiti — and Marie-Cesette Dumas, an Afro-Caribbean Creole of mixed French and African ancestry. Their son, Thomas-Alexandre Dumas, married Marie-Louise Élisabeth Labouret, the daughter of an innkeeper. Thomas-Alexandre, then a general in Napoleon's army, fell out of favor and the family was impoverished when Dumas was born.
Thomas-Alexandre Dumas died in 1806, when his son was still an infant. His widow was unable to provide her son with much of an education, but Dumas read everything he could obtain. His mother's stories of his father's bravery during the years of Napoleon I of France inspired Dumas' vivid imagination for adventure. Although poor, the family had their father's distinguished reputation and aristocratic position. In 1822, after the restoration of the monarchy, twenty-year-old Alexandre Dumas moved to Paris, where he worked at the Palais Royal in the office of duc d'Orléans (Louis Philippe).